There are many people who have an undiagnosed sleep problem. They may feel very sleepy throughout the day. They may have trouble falling to sleep or remaining asleep. Friends or relatives might tell them they give the impression of being very tired. They could go through mood changes, irritability or become overly emotional. Often they’ve trouble being attentive, concentrating, or remembering things which are important. These are all symptoms of sleep deprivation, and possibly of a sleep disorder.
A person who has an undiagnosed sleep issue will generally answer the question, “What exactly is the problem with your sleep,” with one of five answers. Those answers will be; “I’ve difficulty falling asleep,” ” I have difficulty staying awake,” “I can’t rise up in the morning,” “I appear to do strange things in my sleep” or “I am unable to sleep on account of my partner.” The actual answer chosen assists to narrow down the potential for a unique type of sleep disorder.
When someone says “I am unable to fall asleep” it may denote several things. There might be a problem when first going to bed, after waking up in the nighttime, or in the early morning hours.
Many people have the problem of not being able to fall asleep when they go to bed. This is called sleep latency. Sleep latency can be a very serious symptom of certain sleep problems, including sleep onset insomnia, delayed sleep phase disorder, shift work, restless leg syndrome or paradoxical insomnia. Many times the issue is not being able to stay asleep, which is sleep fragmentation. Regularly someone with this complaint could fall to sleep without problems once they go to bed, but wake up regularly over the night. Sleep disorders can include sleep maintenance insomnia, shift work. If a person wakes up very early in the morning and can’t get back to sleep, it could be a sign of advanced sleep phase problem or sleep maintenance insomnia.
In case the answer to the question is “I can not stay awake” and the person is falling asleep at inappropriate times there might be a sleep disorder like narcolepsy , obstructive or central sleep apnea, periodic limb movement disorder, restless leg syndrome, shift work or advanced sleep phase disorder.
Those that say “I can not stand up in the morning” and take an hour or more to completely wake from their sleep may have problems with excessive sleep inertia. These are having trouble making the transition from sleep to being awake. Sleep problems that could be the cause of excessive sleep inertia are sleep apnea and delayed sleep phase disorder.
A person that answers the question with “I do bizarre things in my sleep” might find that their sleep is full of surprises. Sleepwalking, Sleep terrors, confusional arousals, REM sleep behavior disorder, nightmares, sleep-related eating disorder and bruxism are all types of sleep disorders generally known as parasomnias.
If someone answers “I can not sleep because of my partner” snoring, sleep apnea, bruxism, restless leg syndrome, or periodic limb movement disorder might be the sleep disorder to blame.
In what manner would you answer the question of “What is the issue with your sleep?