Having trouble sleeping? You might have insomnia. Insomnia is a sleeping disorder that is characterized by difficulty of sleeping and also having difficulty in staying asleep which results to impaired daytime functions. Insomnia can either be a disorder of its own or an accompanied disorder by medical or psychiatric disorders.
Insomnia is more common in women than in men.
There are several degrees of insomnia but there are 3 types that have been identified. These are transient, acute and chronic.
* Transient insomnia – this type of insomnia usually lasts for a week and it usually accompanies or is caused by another disorder. Other factors that can affect this are changes in sleeping environment, changes in sleeping pattern and body clock, depression or even something as simple as stress. Its results and consequences: sleepiness and impaired psychomotor performance.
* Acute insomnia – having a distorted sleep that lasts about a month.
* Chronic insomnia – this one lasts longer than a month and can either be caused by a different disorder or is the disorder itself. Depending on the cause, the effects will also vary. People with chronic insomnia have unbelievable alertness.
There are 4 patterns of insomnia: Onset insomnia, Middle-of-the-Night insomnia, Middle insomnia and Terminal insomnia.
* Onset insomnia refers to the inability to fall asleep at the beginning of the night and is usually associated with anxiety disorders.
* Middle-of-the-night insomnia refers to having a hard time going back to sleep after waking up in the middle of the night or too early in the morning. This is also referred as nocturnal awakenings.
* Middle insomnia is a kind of middle-of-the-night where a person wakes up in the middle of the night and has difficulty in maintaining sleep. This is a characteristic of a person with pain disorders or medical illness.
* Terminal insomnia is also called late insomnia where the person wakes up too early in the morning. People with clinical depression often have this symptom.
People who have insomnia would often get frustrated for not being able to get adequate sleep. Following these simple tips can help alleviate the situation.
* Never take anything with caffeine before going to sleep. Caffeine keeps the body in work mode and therefore preventing you from sleeping properly.
* Never work in bed. The bed is a place of rest and relaxation. It is supposed to lull you to sleep. But if you bring your work to bed, literally, your mind will not be able to distinguish whether you should be working or should be resting. Your mind will associate the bed with work and therefore making it difficult for you to fall asleep. Make sure that once you hit the bed, all you think about is sleep.
* Have a glass of warm milk before going to sleep. Warm milk relaxes your body and therefore helping you sleep.
* If you are under medication, ask your doctor if difficulty in sleeping is a possible side effect. If it is, request for a different prescription. But if not possible, request for a prescription to help you sleep.
Insomnia can be very frustrating. And if the tips mentioned do not work, it is time to visit your doctor to help you for there might be an underlying cause.